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WCU Project Group

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What is WCU Project?

Project Group for Assessment of Characteristics of Convergence Materials and Devices for Next-generation Solar Energy Generation System introduces solar energy materials through various interdisciplinary researches covering chemistry, physics, materials, chemical engineering, electricity and electronics and aims to apply the results to the following:

  1. Materials of dye-sensitized solar cells
  2. Materials of organic solar cells
  3. Materials of thin film solar cells
  4. Materials of silicon-type solar cells, and
  5. Materials of next-generation solar cells.

This is to develop new technologies enabling systemic research and commercialization of solar energy as the fundamentals of green revolution and cultivate professionals and leaders to contribute to creation of new markets.

Goal

  1. 1We will develop with a focus on research to secure us the international position.
    • The existing Department of Advanced Materials Chemistry consisted of professionals in various energy material research areas and already conducted globally recognized researches. If this study progresses as planned, we will be the center of global research in the area of solar cells.
    • Joint international research with invited overseas professors, excellent overseas universities and research agencies will help us to become the international solar-cell research center ensuring industry-academia affiliation.
  2. 2The Project Group is the birthplace of creative professionals in the area of solar cell transfer materials.
    • It aims to develop labor necessary in the area of solar energy materials, cultivate creative professionals through domestic and international training in terms of industry-academia-research joint studies and international cooperation. It will also supply excellent research labor.
    • It provides industrial researchers the opportunities to acquire new technologies, exchange industrial technology and trends and secure cooperation, which is to ensure a medium for the Solar Energy Cell Research Cooperative.
  3. 3"Consortium"-based industry-academia affiliation center
  4. The Project Group takes technology transfer to related industrial sources, technology guidance for industrial labor and re-education as major roles and actively promote them.
  5. It provides industrial researchers the opportunities to acquire new technologies, exchange industrial technology and trends and secure cooperation, which is to ensure a medium for the Solar Energy Cell Research Cooperative.
  6. 4Base for creation of next-generation new industries
  7. Flexible solar cells can be applied to secure mobile phone, portable computer and warm clothes charging. They can also lead to heavy hydrogen production base as well as proprietary materials industry integrated with semi-conductor and display technology.
  8. 5Base for creation of next-generation new industries
  9. The Project Group will secure solar cell assessment methods and standardization technologies to maintain consistency of solar cell performance assessment. It will also reflect the performance assessment standardization technology in international standards to prepare domestic solar cell technology to enter the world market.

Vision

  1. 1"Energy Vision 2030" prepared by the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy temporarily set 9% of new and renewable energy including solar energy. In 2005, supply of renewable energy marked 2.2% but by 2011, it was aimed to supply new and renewable energy by 5%. Hence, for new and renewable energy industry to become a national strategic industry or the second semi-conductor industry, development of new renewable energy materials has become an urgent task. Korea Electric Power Corporation and six other power generators as well as nine energy public corporations including Korea Water Resources Corporation and Korea District Heating Corporation will invest 429.9 billion Won to distribute new and renewable energy this year, ensuring 56MW of power generators. Photovoltaic takes up 70% of new and renewable energy.
  2. 2In Korea, there is a lack of professionals in photovoltaic materials. Facilities and equipment pertaining to materials synthesis and characteristics assessment are largely insufficient, necessitating a professional institution. Therefore, this department can help to develop infrastructure necessary for internationally competitive photovoltaic materials industry.
  3. 3The department can develop about 100 masters and doctors over five years. They are top in the domestic optical energy material area where there is an absolute lack of advanced labor. Also, about 30 doctors will be dispatched overseas for training and work more excellently in the domestic advanced science and technology area, securing international competitiveness in the area of advanced materials.
  4. 4Recently, the government explores the energy area tasks to rank within top ten in competitiveness by 2006. In line with this call, if the department is facilitated with the effort of domestic and overseas scientists of global recognition, domestic science and technology will improve and advanced industry such as energy will become more internationally competitive.
  5. 5It has become important to lead the nation's new technology for new and renewable energy, secure international competitiveness to ensure leading positions in energy industry of the 21st century, and create highly valued advanced energy industry. To achieve this, as a core background technology, it is necessary to focus on convergence material chemistry with potentials for transfer to optical energy and storage which can produce beneficial materials at the molecular levels, control functions and advance them.
  6. 6The US EOE, as of 2007, invested 34,115,000 dollars in solar cell research and development (www.doe.gov). Also, NSF invested 10,388,000 dollars for its research and development the same year (www.nsf.gov). Energy materials took up a greater portion in the 2007 R&D investment of the USA. Hence, for Korea to be competitive in the large energy industry market, it is urgent to develop proprietary technology to easily design and manufacture core devices for development of highly efficient solar energy power generation system.
  7. 7ubstantial university education and research can result in development human resources necessary for solar energy conversion materials. Industry-academia affiliation and domestic and international training can lead to supply of excellent workers in the areas of science and technology.
  8. 8Practical use of solar cells: Based on the potential for solar cells, technology transfer to many domestic companies may contribute to practical use.
  9. 9Development and facilitation of a new market: organic and dye-sensitized solar cell materials can be made flexibly. They can be developed into mobile power sources. In the future, if efficient, market can be expanded with stationary power (household, remote area, communication, water and other peripheral devices).
  10. 10Integration with domestic semi-conductor and display technology to secure international competitiveness: proprietary technology related to solar cell shall be integrated with semi-conductor and display technology that plays a central role for the domestic industry, which is to lead the next-generation mobile information device industry.
  11. 11Technological contribution to organic and inorganic chemistry, electric chemistry, high-polymer chemistry, physical chemistry, nano-based chemistry, materials engineering, photoelectronic and cell engineering. Based on basic physics and chemistry, cells, electronics and material engineering are combined to contribute to solar cell and energy industries.
  12. 12Earlier security and patent for proprietary technology in preparation for commercial use: This is to protect Korean technology, secure industry-academia-research affiliation and ensure international competitiveness for solar cell material and device technologies.
  13. 13Escaping from dependence on fossil fuels, technology to produce hydrogen using fuel cells as a new and renewable energy source declares the opening of the fuel cell era as the basis of green growth.
  14. 14Improvement in domestic solar energy technology and creation of jobs
    • Proprietary technology and patent secured through solar energy-related workforce will lead to application and industrialization along with the domestic energy industry, contributing to improvement of domestic solar cell technologies.
    • Applicable to solar energy development, hydrogen production and affiliated fuel cells, it will create jobs upon market expansion and contribute to industry and economy.